The Pearl of Africa - Uganda              


Uganda has over 50 Tribes and over 30 different languages spoken. Dancing is an important part of Ugandan culture, all 50 tribes have their own unique dance, instruments and music.  Dance and music are carried out on different occasions and Ceremonies from birth, love to death and war. 






Bulange (Lukiiko) situated at Mengo is where strategic decisions are made for the Buganda Kingdom. Kabaka Ronald Muwenda Mutebi II convenes parliamentary meetings for the kingdom. He has a Cabinet of Ministers who hold positions just like any other parliament. Here Economic,Social, Political,Cultural decisions are carried out. Kabaka Edward Mutesa II the pioneer of Bulange while exiled in Scotland admired the parliament there and he wanted one for his kingdom where the Lukiiko would convene meetings. Kabaka Edward Mutesa II's vision transpired and Bulange (Parliament) was constructed at Mengo a legacy from him to the Kingdom of Buganda. READ MORE 

  KABAKA RONALD MUWENDA MUTEBI  ATTENDS MASS AT BULANGE AND SHARES A                                             CAKE WITH HIS SUBJECT OMUK NAVTAM GOSAI                               

The Kabaka of Buganda kingdom Ronald Muwenda Mutebi attended mass at Bulange. Present was the katikiro Peter Mayiga including many dignitaries and onlookers.The kabaka shared a smile as he served a cake to his subject Omuk Navtam Gosai to whom the kabaka has entrusted with the responsibility of administering Kampala central gombolola (Kyadondo) on behalf of Buganda kingdom.

Omuk Navtam Gosai is humbled by the opportunity to serve and has build close relationship with the community, businesses and other stakeholders to bring about transformations. 

This is what Omuk Navtam Gosai himself had to say " What are the chances of The King and the Prime Minster to come jointly to you with a tray of the Christmas cake and offer you with smiles and love? One in trillion? I was so humbled with Ssabasajja Kabaka and the Katikkiro's friendly gesture. It is a strong confirmation that they care for their people from their heart just as the people love and care for them with their hearts.

If anything, Ssebasajja Kabaka has set a fine example to other monarchy in the world. In return of my compliments, I have nothing more to offer to Ssabasajja Kabaka and the Katikkiro except my loyal services and three times SSABASAJJA KABAKA AWANGAALE (LONG LIVE THE KING). 



The Nnabagereka Development Foundation (NDF) is a fully registered charitable organisation founded in 2000 by the Queen of the Kingdom of Buganda (Nnabagereka), Her Royal Highness Sylvia Nagginda Luswata. Buganda Kingdom is the largest Traditional Cultural Institution in Uganda and one of the oldest in Africa, having been in existence for more than 800 years. NDF is the leading organisation using cultural frameworks and voices to engineer development solutions. NDF’s unique positioning is grounded from the Buganda Kingdom’s cultural background enables it to balance positive traditional practices and values with modern contemporary values. NDF celebrates and uses key pillars within Buganda Kingdom Cultural Identity. Strategically positioned as an organisation using cultural leadership, platforms and spaces to engineer development; NDF is a highly credible organization and well positioned in society to make differences at the national and international level. NDF has in a place a fully functional Secretariat based in Kampala led by the Chief Executive Officer; an 11-Member Governance Board comprised of distinguished eminent persons headed by a Chair; 4 Subsidiary Boards and; a 5-Member Board of Trustees headed by HRH Queen Sylvia Nagginda, Nnabagereka of Buganda Kingdom. Read more



     CULTURAL VOICE                                    INSTITUTIONAL DEVELOPMENT











Buganda's clan system is central to its culture. A clan represents a group of people who can trace their lineage to a common ancestor in some distant past. In the customs of Buganda, lineage is passed down along patrilineal lines. The clan essentially forms a large extended family and all members of a given clan regard each other as brothers and sisters regardless of how far removed from one another in terms of actual blood ties. The Baganda took great care to trace their ancestry through this clan structure. A formal introduction of a muganda includes his own names, the names of his father and paternal grandfather, as well as a description of the family's lineage within the clan that it belongs to. The clan has a hierarchical structure with the clan leader at the top (owakasolya), followed by successive subdivisions called the ssiga, mutuba, lunyiriri and finally at the bottom the individual family unit (enju). Read more




The world is becoming ever smaller because of globalisation. Though we leave far apart we are joined as one, there seems to be 
no distance of where we leave but connectedness. Dr Ade has shown this of being capable through her music honoring our present day 
icons as you can see from the videos below. She has paid tribute to Americans Oprah Winfrey and the late Micheal Jackson and the UK legendary top model Naomi Campbell.
They perform and imitate a  catwalk show just as their icon Naomi Campbell has done over the years but they do this with a modern twist.It is breath taking because they bring balance, flexibility and style the African way in their villages out of love.They also depict Oprah, through presenting their own show inspiring and giving advice to a young couple. Their presentation which was made with a modern twist, was meant to reach the whole world by sharing their tradition in a universal language and this was done through their art of music. 



             THE THRONE 
The kingdom of Bunyoro was established following the collapse of the Empire of Kitara/Rwanda in the 16th century. The founders of Kitara were known as the Abatembuzi, a people who were later succeeded by the Bachwezi. At its height, the Bunyoro kingdom controlled the Great Lakes region of Africa, one of many small states in the region. The earliest stories of the kingdom having great power come from Rwanda. The power of Bunyoro faded by the end of the 16th Century, with the invasion of Rukidi-Mpuga from the north, following the death of a beloved king's cow Bihogo: 

There was a prophecy that when the beloved cow Bihogo died, this would mark the beginning of the end of this Chwezi Empire. Most of the Chwezi descendants who governed this empire moved south to the present-day Rwanda. Later, new kingdoms arose in the Great Lakes area, such as Ankole,Buganda, Toro, Busoga, Bagisu (in present-day Kenya and Uganda), Rwanda-Urundi, Bunyoro and Karagwe.Bunyoro rose to power and controlled a number of the holiest shrines in the region, as well as the lucrative Kibiro saltworks of Lake Albert (Africa). Having the highest quality of metallurgy in the region made it the strongest military and economic power in the Great Lakes region.Read more 

The death of his father King Kaboyo in 1995 meant the Crown Prince had to assume the role of King during his toddler years. At 2 a.m. on 12 September 1995, a week after the late king's burial, the rituals to hand over the reins of power to Oyo began. They included a mock battle at the palace entrance fought between enemy forces of a “rebel” prince and the royal army, and a test of Oyo's divine right to the throne, in which the Omusuga, head of the royal clan, called on the gods to strike Oyo dead if he was not of royal blood.

On passing the test, Oyo was permitted to sound the Nyalebe, a sacred Chwezi drum, as his forefathers had done. He was then blessed with the blood of a slaughtered bull and a white hen.At 4 a.m, Oyo was crowned King amidst a jubilant crowd and entered the palace as the new ruler of the Kingdom of Toro. He was served his first meal as King, which consisted of millet dough. He sat in the lap of a virgin girl, and he swore allegiance to the Crown while lying on his side on the ground.The cultural rituals were followed by a religious ceremony presided over by the Anglican Bishop, Eustance Kamanyire. President Museveni attended the coronation celebrations and paid tribute to the new King.Read more


                                                                                                                                      18 year old Oyo Nyimba Kabamba Iguru Rukidi IV was crowned as head of the Kingdom of Toro in a                                                                                                                                                traditional ceremony in his hilltop palace overlooking his capital of Fort Portal


Creative craftsmanship of basket weaving, with architecture in mind of geometrical &
symmetrical patterns transcending different colors, to bring a balance that is eye catching.

Created with environmentally friendly materials, all hand picked up from surrounding plants and dyed using natural dyes for the colors.

Helps to empower women as they can portray their skills through the projectory of their work.The art is breath taking and a creation of uniqueness.   



     Uganda designs come in a range varieties, the sculpture made from wood is a depiction 
     of a face and the necklace is made out of sea shells which can be attributed  to the
     local lakes. 

    The brown cloth which is designed with a touch of sea shells is made out of a tree bark 
    called the "omuttuba tree" from  the bark this cloth is constructed and has been worn in 
    Uganda for many centuries, although it is a historical traditional cloth it is now coming back
    onto the fashion scene. 

    The rich resources are all utilized  for a good cause, the bangles are made from cows'
     horns and hoves nothing goes to waste. The leather is also put together with wood to
     create designer gear.

    The artists have added a creative modern twist to these colorful designs. The hat which 
    is made out of banana leaves and palm leaves has amazing patterns. The beads are 
    sourced locally from plants and are given a touch of color to give a vibrant rainbowish  pattern. 

    Lastly the hand bag is made from sisal, jute  and wood. That is just a selection from the variety 
    there is more than what is shown here.



He was born at the Mengo Palace on 13 April 1955. He is the son of Major General Sir Edward Frederick William David Walugembe Mutebi Luwangula Muteesa II, Kabaka of Buganda, who reigned between 1939 and 1969. His mother was Naabakyaala Sarah Nalule, Omuzaana Kabejja, of the Nkima clan. He was educated at Budo Junior School, King's Mead School in Sussex and Bradfield College a prestigious public school in West Berkshire. He then entered Magdalene College, Cambridge, where he read Social Anthropology and Law but was rusticated before he earned a degree.[1] He was appointed as Heir Apparent by his father on 6 August 1966 while he was still 11 years old.  Read more View the video of his coronation here!! 

Muwenda Mutebi II,





         William Gabula Nadiope was installed as the new Kyabazinga of Busoga, replacing his father,  the late Henry Wako Muloki 
       who died on September 1, 2008. The event took place at Bugembe, the seat of the Kingdom of Busoga which drew huge crowds 
      of people including  President Museven, officials, delegations from other kingdoms, MPs and ministers. View the picture gallery here!!


                   This concert was held in Eritrea by Ugandan performers. Sit back and watch a diversity of dances from Uganda. They showcased talent                                across some of the traditions in Uganda. Traditional instruments such as the flute, Xylophone, Drums, Calabahes and other                                                     instruments which were played with skill to create rhythmic melodies. 
                 The dancers wore different costumes taken from those tribes  the dances they were representing. The clothes are very colorful representing                       colors found in many bird and animal species in these areas. Some of the cultures represented were the Baganda dance from central Uganda, The Bagisu and Basoga, Basamya dances from Eastern Uganda. 
         The entogoro a dance from Bunyoro and also some music represented people from Western Uganda such as the Banyankole was performed.                     Northern Uganda was also represented with their rich dances.This video will give a taste of  Ugandan cultures. The moves are something to die 
for that will leave you moving to the music. Be the judge.

            Kingdoms of Africa - Bunyoro and Buganda.(Documentary)
               Buganda is believed to have been established way back in the 17 century, and both kingdoms Buganda & Bunyoro are directly or                                     indirectly true descendants of the Bacwezi dynasty, which conquered most parts of Uganda between AD1100 and AD1500 before breaking away to give rise to the present day Buganda and Bunyoro kingdoms.

   The photographs below are of the past kings of Buganda and Bunyoro kingdom. 
     The first one is that of Kabaka Mutesa 1 who reigned the Buganda  kingdom from 1856 to 1884.
The middle one is for king kabalega who in 1869 took the throne of the kingdom of Bunyoro
The last one at the end is the photograph of the Kabaka Mwanga II Buganda's 31st King.




Below are the photographs of the early explorers to arrive in Uganda.
 The first is that of John Hanning Speke who first arrived in 1862 in Uganda.
John Hanning Speke discovered the source of the Nile on August 3rd, 1858. 
The photograph at the end is of Henry Morton Stanley who arrived in 1865 three years after Speke.
In the middle is a copy of the news paper the Daily Telegraph published during that period after Stanley wrote back a letter on his arrival to Uganda requesting  Britain to send the first missionaries to Uganda.


The grass thatched hut below is the burial tomb of King Kabalega the past king of Bunyoro. 
The photograph in the middle are some of the artefacts inside of the tomb where King Kabalega of Bunyoro was lay to rest. 
The items are of significance importance to the Bunyoro Kingdom and the Banyoro population culturally, Some of the items include drums Spears baskets  barkcloth, smoking pipes and hoes.
 The Photograph at the end is the throne of Bunyoro where the king sits when sworn in as king who will serve and guide the Kingdom.
 It is surrounded with skin hides from leopards, bark cloth and spears and many other items including the king's crown.


Below is the current king of Buganda Kabaka Ronald Muwenda Mutebi at his coronation he is dressed in traditional  bark cloth and leopard skin.
 Underneath he is also dressed in a white Khanzu and a crown on his head .He is carried by his subjects marking an important event. 
The photograph in the middle is the Royal Palace of Buganda also known as Bulange where the king resides. 
The last photo is of King Ronald Mutebi and his subjects all in traditional barkcloth. 


                                                                                 UGANDA ARTS AND CRAFTS 

 Craftsmen all over Uganda decorate their art and this reflects the expression of individual cultures. Art is portrayed in different ways basket weaving, pottery, sculpting. They have various items that can be used for different purposes the calabash and gourd is used for the storage of beer, butter and milk.
The baskets are used for carrying and storage of cereals and other foods and also for decoration. Drums are important in social and entertaining the people each tribe have got their own unique sounds and melodies that come from these specially curved drums. 

Bark cloth is a traditional type of cloth that has been in existence for hundreds of years and which was worn by the indigenous people and which are still used today in traditional ceremonies. In those years these clothes were worn by the kings. They are extracted from the bark of a tree called the mutubba the cloth was used as a shroud, dressing and also for sleeping and for burial purposes. 

Sculptures are made out of wood and curved in to different structures or items such as stools, walking sticks makondes and many other items.
Pottery was a technique they have used till present to make pots and bowls for cooking and storage. (for more watch the video below)





                                LOCAL TRADITIONAL BASOGA DANCERS IN JINJA 

   Busoga, literally translated to Land of the Soga, is the kingdom of the 11 principalities of the Basoga/Soga (singular Musoga) people. The term Busoga also loosely refers to the area that is generally indigenous to the Basoga. The kingdom's capital is located in Bugembe, which is near Jinja, the second largest city in Uganda. As of June 2007, Busoga Kingdom is composed of eight politically organised districts: Kamuli, Iganga, Bugiri, Mayuge, Jinja, and the newly created districts of Kaliro and Busiki (luuka district).

Uganda Dance (Busoga) 
Ndhote cultural group

Here a white lady (muzungu as called by the locals) dances a kisoga dance as people flood in to come and see her perform the kisoga dance.
 Oh my !!! she nailed it.
The other group is a local basoga traditional dancing group showcasing their traditional dance the drums and xylophone give an amazing vibe it leaves everyone swinging to the beat.

The Ndhote cultural group are also dancing kisoga group oh waw she just brought it on. 
The lady can shake her waist, her waist. Thats just some of the style of dance they have among many styles of body movement.



The picture portrays animals, birds, humans & plants all living together.
The human has a spear to protect themselves from  danger and any threats.

Although there is fear around them it is their responsibility to protect all the other creatures around them. 

The birds sing all day long those sweet melodies, and there is abundance for all.


           Dolls Twins                                                calabash


  Gourds have various uses they can be used as bowls or cups to ear or drink out off. They are also used as storage for butter (ghee).They can also be used to hold beer at weddings and funerals. 
The hand crafted Elephant is a depiction of one species among many animals that share the same environment as the humans and who have protected these animals for years. 
The Twin dolls are made out of bark cloth and are dressed in the traditional cloth of people in Uganda. 
The Calabash can also be used as a musical instrument that is shaken to bring out sound that mixes up with the drums and gives of sweet African melodies. 
The environment surrounding is of enormous importance to the people and this is where they get their livelihood and as you can see they can make shelter out of grass and mud mixed with cow dug as you can see from the beautiful grass thatched hut, each tradition has different ways they build and also decorate their huts.


                                                           Kadodi Imbalu traditional dance(From Mbale, Bugisu)


  The Bagisu are a bantu speaking people and live on the slopes of Mt Elgon. They are the only community and the Sebei that practice circumcision ceremonies in Uganda. 
The Ultimate age to become eligible for circumcision is 16-25 yrs. 
The ceremony involves all initiatives from a given clan the young are matched by a whistle,cheering crowds join in to lead them to the circumcision grounds with songs and drums chanting and dancing.



          Friday, February, 28th, 2014


              " Batik art is about patience which in the end is rewarded as the wax is removed and the masterpiece is revealed". 

Dominic discovered batik in secondary school after seeing a man drying colorful African women drawings done on fabric near our school. He found out that before hanging a wet pictures on the line, he could heat something on a charcoal stove (wax). A lot of smoke came off it as he dipped a brush in it. His hand kept on moving at an incredible speed to and from the heated liquid to the white fabric on the table. He then decided to visit him about learning how to paint. He then went on to do many exhibitions in Uganda and around the world. 


 Ugandan women weaving baskets


THE BASKET MAKER                                        

Friday, February, 28th, 2014



Some of the materials used in making these Baskets are elephant grass, palm leaves, banana leaves, sisal and colouring from berries and certain plants.

Watch: Luo Cultural Dance Video 

The Luo (also spelled Lwo) are several ethnically and linguistically related Nilotic ethnic groups in Africa that inhabit an area ranging from South Sudan and Ethiopia, through northern Uganda and eastern Congo (DRC), into western Kenya, and the Mara Region of Tanzania.
 Their Luo languages belong to the Nilotic group and as such form part of the larger Eastern Sudanic family.
Within the Nilotic languages, the Luo together with the Dinka–Nuer form the Western Nilotic branch. Groups within the Luo nation include the Shilluk, Anuak, Acholi, Alur, Padhola, Joluo (Kenyan and Tanzanian Luo), Bor, LuwoThe Joluo and their language Dholuo are also known as the "Luo proper", being eponymous of the larger group. 
The level of historical separation between these groups is estimated at about eight centuries. 
Dispersion from the Nilotic homeland in South Sudan was presumably triggered by the turmoils of the Muslim conquest of Sudan, and the migration of the individual groups over the last few centuries can to some extent be traced in the respective group's oral history. Read more 





Ugandan Art Movement   

Fred Mutebi: Fred Mutebi is a Ugandan artist who graduated from Makerere University at the Margaret Trowel School of Industrial and Fine Arts. He infuses Ugandan culture to tell stories of Africa and Uganda and uses Vibrant and bright colors to create startling woodcut prints. Some of his Art works are shown below. Read more



                                 Art works by: Fred Mutebi


Cool Day 
Evening yet
Morning 7 

Benon Lutaaya: B
orn Dec-1985 is a Johannesburg-based, Ugandan-born artist. He holds a BFA with Education - Kyambogo University. He started his professional career in 2009 as a paper collage artist and only started to paint in 2011 on a residence programme in South Africa. He is a full time artist based at the Bag Factory Artists’ Studios in Newtown – Johannesburg. Read more. 

   Scarred but Alive 


Kibuuka David: Born in Uganda, he did not truly begin until the age of five years when he discovered the exciting world of art. Even at this tender age, Kibuuka's enthusiasm and skill in his work far surpassed others much older than he. As a result, he became known as an outstanding young artist in his native Uganda by the time he was fifteen years old.  Read more. 



The Royal Kingdoms of Uganda 
                              King Oyo IV                  Ronald  Mutebi II             Daudi Chwa 11       Mutesa 11             Rukirabasaija Agutamba        Mwanga 11
                                Toro Kingdom            Buganda kingdom        Buganda Kingdom   Buganda Kingdom        Bunyoro Kingdom              Buganda Kingdom
                                Current                                 Current                     (1897-1939)             (1936-1969)                  current                            (1884-1888)

They are several of different kingdoms in Uganda, the main kingdoms are Buganda, Bunyoro-Kitara, Busoga, and Toro these kingdoms are ancient traditional kingdoms of Africa.

Buganda is the largest of the subnational kingdoms of Uganda and the namesake of the country and covers about 17% of the population of the country. The traditional title of the King of Buganda is “Kabaka” and the current Kabaka is Muwenda Mutebi II

Bunyoro-Kitara is the second largest of the Ugandan kingdoms and the only one that was once an empire controlling a large swath of the land that is Uganda today. The traditional title of the King of Bunyoro-Kitara is “Omukama” and the current Omukama is Solomon Iguru I.

Busoga is another ancient Ugandan kingdom that is smaller than those above. The traditional title of the King “Kyabazinga” and the last one to hold the title was Henry Wako Muloki. Unfortunately, there has been strife among the leaders of the Kingdom and a successor has not yet been chosen.

Toro was once part of the Bunyoro Empire and was created in 1830 when the eldest son of the Omukama rebelled and founded his own kingdom. The Kingdom of Toro also names its King “Omukama” and the current holder of the title is Rukidi IV. Read more


Traditional clothings 

In Uganda, the kanzu is the national dress of men in the country. Women from central and eastern Uganda wear a dress with a sash tied around the waist and large exaggerated shoulders called a gomesi. Women from the west, northwestern drape a long cloth around their waists and shoulders called suuka. Women from the southwest wear a long baggy skirt and tie a short matching cloth across their shoulders. Woman also wear a floor long dress called a busuti which was introduced by the 19th century missionaries. Read more.




Traditional Dancers


Traditional Dance


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